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49 pages

Contraceptive Use in Women by Body Mass Index Categories

2008

The prevalence of obesity has increased sharply in the United States since the mid 1970's. Obese women who become pregnant are at increased risk of pregnancy complications for both mother and fetus.

Publisher: ProQuest

About this book
The prevalence of obesity has increased sharply in the United States since the mid 1970's. Obese women who become pregnant are at increased risk of pregnancy complications for both mother and fetus. This study assessed whether women in higher body mass index (BMI) categories engage in the preventive behaviors of contraception more frequently than normal weight women. It also evaluated the type of contraception used by both obese and normal weight women. The study used cross-sectional data from 7 states participating in the Family Planning Module of the 2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey is an annual random digit dialed telephone survey of the non-institutionalized civilian population aged 18 years and older. The Family Planning Module was administered by Arizona, Kentucky, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Oregon, and Wisconsin. Of the 4,757 women who participated in the Family Planning Module, 2,244 (53.2%) were normal weight, 1,202 (25.6%) were overweight, and 1,072 (21.2%) were obese. The majority of these women 4,115 (86.2%) reported using some type of contraception to prevent pregnancy. Six hundred forty two women (13.8%) stated they did not use any type of contraception to prevent pregnancy. Within body mass index categories, 14% of normal weight women, 13% of overweight women, and 13.4% of obese women did not use any type of contraception. Neither the bivariate analysis nor the logistic regressions found body mass index categories to be statistically associated with contraceptive use. The relationship between body mass index categories and contraceptive method was found to be statistically significant. The predictive probability graph found that women at all levels of BMI have a lower probability of using barrier contraception methods as compared to procedural and hormonal methods. Hormonal contraception methods have the highest probability of use for women with a BMI of 15 to 25. In contrast, the probability of using procedural contraception methods is relatively flat and less than hormonal methods for BMI between 15 and 25. However, the probability of using procedural contraception increases dramatically with a BMI greater than 25. At a BMI greater than 42, women have a greater than 50% probability of using procedural contraception. Although a relationship between body mass index and contraception use was not found, contraception method was found to be associated with body mass index. The reasons why normal weight women prefer hormonal contraception while overweight/obese women are more likely to use procedural methods needs to be explored. By understanding the relationship between obesity and contraception, we can hopefully decrease unintended pregnancies and overall improve pregnancy related health outcomes. To determine if relationships between contraception use/type and body mass index exist, further research needs to be conducted on a national level.



14 pages

The Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference and Blood Pressure of Postmenopausal Women in Zaria, Northern Nigeria

Creator: Joseph Toryila, L.N. Achie, K.V. Olorunshola, J.A. Tende | Medical - 2012-05-09

ABSTRACT Changes in sex hormone during the menopausal transition are thought to have an important impact on weight gain.

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

About this book
ABSTRACT Changes in sex hormone during the menopausal transition are thought to have an important impact on weight gain. Obesity is known to be a determinant of health and disease; especially cardiovascular diseases. We studied the waist circumference, body mass index and its correlation with the blood pressure of a sample of menopausal women in Zaria. The height (m), weight (kg), waist circumference (cm) and blood pressure (mmHg) of the women was assessed using standard methods, while the body mass index (BMI ) in kg/m2 was calculated. 165 subjects participated in the study, 77 were premenopausal women while 88 were postmenopausal women with mean ages 25.51±0.60yrs and 53.59±0.65yrs respectively. The subjects were selected based on some exclusion criteria. Postmenopausal women were more likely to be overweight (mean BMI 25.96±0.53kg/m2) compared with their premenopausal counterparts (23.13±0.57kg/m2); p



103 pages

Racial Disparities in Cardiovascular Risk Associated with Body Mass Index in Men and Women: A Subject-level Meta-analysis

Creator: Jill Abell | 2006

Methods. This study uses Black Pooling Project data which includes subject level data on 27,691 men and women and 450,962 person-years of follow-up.

Publisher: ProQuest

About this book
Results. As a group, blacks have a higher adjusted mean systolic blood pressure than whites and are classified as hypertensive at all BMI categories whereas in whites blood pressure did not reach the hypertensive range until a BMI of at least 31 kg/m2. The age-adjusted rise in blood pressure for a BMI increase of 25--30 kg/m2, is greater for white than black women (5.9+/-0.2 vs. 4.4+/-0.5 p=0.005) and for white than black men (6.0+/-0.3 vs. 4.3+/-0.7 p=0.03). The adjusted, relative risks for CHD, stroke and CVD mortality is significant for obesity in whites but not in blacks. In obese whites, the relative risk for CVD mortality is (1.59[1.20--2.09]) in women 60 years and (1.21[1.04--1.41]) in women 60 years. There are no such significant associations for black women.


Body Directory

BMI Calculator (Body Mass Index) - Adult Men, Women, Teens ...
A great BMI calculator with advanced features for Body Mass Index. Avoid the CDC and NIH calculators calling overweight too often.

Body Mass Index Calculator You'll Like - Moose & Doc
Calculate your own Body Mass Index and compare yourself to other women.

MedCalc: Body Surface Area, Body Mass Index (BMI)
Lean Body Weight (men) = (1.10 x Weight(kg)) - 128 ( Weight 2 /(100 x Height(m)) 2) Lean Body Weight (women) = (1.07 x Weight(kg)) - 148 ( Weight 2 /(100 x Height(m)) 2

Body Mass Index In Adults (BMI Calculator for Adults)
The American Heart Association explains the Body Mass Index and how it is used.

Body Mass Index (BMI) - Topend Sports
Body Mass Index is a measure body composition using height and weight


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